Reports suggest that presently, our environment is in the most precarious position since records began. More species are going extinct than ever before, sea levels are rising and overpopulation adds to the strain on food and resources. Carbon emissions are being released into the Earth’s atmosphere at an alarming rate and the UK produces a significant amount at 466 million tonnes every year. Luckily, new technology is being used to combat some of the effects of climate change. Here are 8 ways smart tech is helping the environment:
Fossil fuels account for 80% of all energy consumed in developed countries around the world and the ready supply is ever dwindling. While new processes like fracking offer a temporary solution, the negative environmental impact of energy extraction is becoming ever more apparent. Renewable energy is one of the fastest developing industries as governments and industry recognise that solar, wind, geothermal, biomass and hydropower represent the future of energy as fossil fuels become a less viable option.
Cloud sharing platforms such as Dropbox and Google Drive have proven to be beneficial to the environment, as less paper needs to be used, resulting in less waste. Going digital also reduces the amount of energy consumed by more traditional workplace appliances such as printers, fax machines and scanners.
Over the next decade, an electric vehicle revolution is expected to take place as the government prepares to discontinue petrol and diesel-powered vehicles. For the moment, electric cars aren’t widespread, in part due to issues and concerns surrounding battery life and the charging infrastructure, but these issues are being addressed as the EVs become more affordable.
There are many innovative gadgets available on the market now that can make your life much easier at home while helping to cut back on energy consumption. The Internet of Things allows you to control your appliances from anywhere in the world, making energy consumption more efficient. Forgotten to turn the lights off or left the heating on? Use an app to turn them off remotely and save money as well as helping the environment.
Unmanned Arial Systems, or drones, have multiple environmental uses, They are used in cropping, forestry, pest control as well as helping to monitor air pollution in hard to reach areas. Animal rights activists are also taking advantage of drone technology by monitoring areas in which poaching is prevalent.
GPS tracking devices are helping scientists to keep tabs on endangered species such as rhinos, pandas and gorillas. The technology provides an invaluable insight into migration patterns, habitat changes and is also useful in helping to locate and identify individual animals when they go astray.
The level of acidity in our oceans is a huge concern to environmental scientists and could result in entire ecosystems being wiped out. Recently, sensors have been installed in the Pacific Ocean by a Japanese research institute in order to monitor and maintain healthy pH levels.
High Tech Agriculture
The agricultural sector makes impressive use of modern technology. Advanced robotics now play a significant role in agricultural management, spraying and weeding fields. A combination of satellites, IoT and sensors allow farmers to monitor crops from anywhere in the world and biometric systems are recording data on livestock in real-time.