The field of architecture has been witness to a variety of changes over the years. With various emerging innovations gaining ground, the architecture industry has been quick to implement and capitalize on many of these.
Architecture has been intertwined with art and intricate designs. Aesthetics and functionality play major roles in architecture. Along with that, technology has been instrumental in enabling this field to scale new heights.
The integration of technology has given rise to the era of computational design that allows architects to give a definite form to their ideas through algorithms and software. This has led to the popularity of a highly adaptive trend.
Let’s take a look at some of the trends in technology that have been revolutionizing the architecture industry.
One of the problems that architects have been facing since quite some time is conveying their ideas to their clients. A simple sketch no longer cuts the deal. This is where virtual reality becomes relevant. With the help of this technology, architects can create computer-generated simulations of three-dimensional images. Clients can interact with these simulations by using a special headset.
This technology is being used to demonstrate the new corporate building of the chip-making company, Nvidia that is still under construction at California.
According to Jen-Hsun Huang, chief executive and co-founder of Nvidia, “We have never been able to capture the fidelity we are able to reach today. The rug has to be precisely like the rug in the real world and the paint has to be the paint”. He pointed out, “We simulated every light beam for every hour of the day for every day of the year”.
Therefore, virtual reality enhances the way architects work and lend a fresh perspective to the designs and ideas. “It’s a turning point in the way that we communicate with our clients on the magnitude of when digital renderings became widespread in the real estate industry. It helps us to understand what they are really [feeling]”, Frank Mahan, associate director at architecture giant, SOM pointed out.
Visualisation is one of the most important aspects of architecture. The 3D rendering technology allows architects to convert 3D wireframe models into 2D ones with photorealistic effects. 3D rendering and modelling have gained immense popularity in the architecture industry.
In fact, until 2020, the market of global architecture rendering software is estimated to expand at a CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate) of 29%.
Various 3D mobile apps are available that can make the job easy for architects.
“It’s really truly all about communication and technology. Throughout the years technology has developed very well and has made communication more powerful, more clear, easier to use and more available,” Ryan Claus, project manager at a Savannah-based firm that has been implementing 3D rendering, pointed out, “We’re literally modeling every part of our building, so anything that we need to tell the builder or client we can show them with the visual aid”.
He went on to say, “And that’s why it’s very powerful, it doesn’t stop at a sketch. You can produce a sketch, but that only goes so far and with this, you really see what we’re producing before it’s built”.
As a result, this method helps in identifying and rectifying the mistakes in the design way before the construction starts.
3D printing utilises the method of additive manufacturing to create products from raw materials like plastics, metals, rubber, etc. While this method is increasingly being used in prototyping 3D printed buildings are also being constructed all over the world.
For example, the world’s first 3D printed building has been completed in Dubai. A special cement was used to print this building in 17 days. According to Mohamed Al Gergawi, minister of cabinet affairs of UAE, this building cost 50% less than traditional ones.
“It’s not just a building, it has fully functional offices and staff”, he also pointed out, “We believe this is just the beginning. The world will change.”
These technology trends are all set to transform the architecture industry. These are generating new opportunities for expansion of the industry along with numerous career options for the millennials. With more and more architecture firms adopting these trends, the future of the industry seems quite exciting.